Written by: Zygmunt Dzięgielewski

If in any space there is any measurable physical quantity, then this space is a material space.



Measurement of velocity and gravity
ZD interferometer
The clock of the objective time

Motto – Mathematics is created, but physics is discovered



My reasoning regarding space, matter and time is based on the following postulates:

  • The materiality of space
    If in any space there is any measurable physical quantity, then this space is a material space.
  • The velocity of the spread of the wave
    The wave’s carrier determines the velocity of the wave propagation.

Albert Einstein based their reasoning on two postulates:

  • The principle of relativity
    The principle that the laws of physics are the same in all inertia systems and are valid for all laws, both mechanics and electrodynamics.
  • Constancy of the speed of light
    The speed of light in vacuum is the same for all observers, the same in all directions and does not depend on the speed of the light source.

The postulate of constancy of the speed of light in a vacuum was based on the Michelson-Morley experience, which confirmed this constancy. However, it did not confirm the movement of the metering system with respect to the ether, but after a longer measurement period, some cyclic fluctuations were noted. Nevertheless, it was concluded that
Because light is spread equally in all directions, it does not need any media.”
It was announced that ether does not exist – even if it violates the concept of existence of a wave.

  • There is no wave of something that does not exist.
  • There is no concept of the wave without the carrier.

The removal of Huygens ether from the universe space on the one hand resulted in the negative consequences for understanding the structure of matter and physical phenomenon that occurs in the universe, but on the other hand, changing the mentality of physics and perhaps contributing to the generation of the theory of relativity.

After 100 years of theory of relativity and technology development, it’s time to bring the ether back to nature. Ether is a material carrier of electromagnetic and gravitational waves, and is also an environment of quantum entanglement and quantum mechanics. The lack of this environment could have caused Einstein’s resistance to the acceptance of quantum mechanics.

The existence of the ether is an indispensable element for understanding the universe, creating the possibility of extending the scope of classical physics into areas previously reserved for the theory of relativity and the ability to make it a universal physique. Physical concepts such as dark matter, dark energy, quantum mechanics or quantum cessation cease to be mysterious concepts and physical phenomena become easier explained, for example:

  • formation of waves and electromagnetic fields
  • formation of waves and gravitational fields
  • operation of the electric capacitor
  • formation of electrostatic tensions
  • induction phenomenon
  • phenomenon of quantum tangles
  • Higgs particle action


Currently, I do not justify the propositions put forward by me until the results of the experiments were carried out, using a unique ZD interferometer – my idea, currently at the stage of building a laboratory model.

  • If in any space, there is any measurable physical quantity, then this space is a material space.
  • Ether is the material carrier of interactions in the universe.
  • A particle of atomic matter is not a wave.
  • A particle of atomic matter can be a source of a wave.
  • The particles of matter collide, waves interfere.
  • The particle speed can take any value.
  • The wave carrier determines the wave speed.
  • The wave is the energy of the wave carrier.
  • The electromagnetic wave is the energy of an electromagnetic carrier of ether.
  • The gravitational wave is the energy of the gravitational carrier of ether.
  • Photon is the quantum of an electromagnetic wave.
  • The electromagnetic wave is a wave of the electromagnetic carrier of ether
  • Photon does not belong to the atomic matter and is not hers base particle.
  • Photon belongs to the ether’s matter.


  •  Space
    Space, naturally perceived by man, is a three-dimensional Euclidean space with the fourth dimension of time (4D).

    • Empty space
      Empty space is a space in which there are no physical quantities.
      The permeability of the empty space is: ε = 0
    • No relative space
      A space where located there objects do not have any interactions.
      The space between the objects is empty.
      In the no relativt space, each object is its own space.
    •  Relative space
      Relative space is a space in which objects located there have mutual interactions.
      The relative space is filled with at least one material carrier of interactions.
      There are measurable physical quantities in a relativistic space.
      The permittivity of the relativistic space is ε> 0
    • Real space
      The real space is the relative space with the fourth dimension of universal time (4Dr). 
  • The Universe
    The Universe is a relative space, in which the matter carrier of interactions is the ether.
  • Space of the Universe
    The space of the Universe is at least two conjugated spaces:

    • Electromagnetic space
    • Gravitational space.
  • The matter of the Universe
    There are two types of matter, that fill the space of the universe:

    • hard matter – atomic
    • soft matter – ether
  • Vacuum
    The vacuum is the ether space free of atomic matter.
  • Ether
    Ether is a cold and transparent (“dark”) matter, filling the entire space of the Universe, including its atomic matter. It has a state of quantum liquid concentration, quantum at Planck size (10-35m).

    • Ether sets the boundaries of the Universe.
    • Ether is the “atmosphere” of the Universe.
    • Ether permeates the atomic matter and atomic matter permeates the ether.
    • Ether is the coupling of quantum entanglements.
    • Ether is the carrier fields and electromagnetic waves.
    • Ether is the carrier fields and gravity waves.
    • Ether is the carrier of electromagnetic background (2.725 °K).
    • Ether does not have its own temperature.
    • Ether is an environment of quantum mechanics
  • Field
    Organizing in the interaction carrier creates a field.

    • There are three types of fields in the ether space:

      • electrical
      • magnetic
      • gravity
    • Field is a local order in relative space.
    • Field is the wave of frequency f = 0.
  •  Field permeability
    • Field permeability is the ability to spread of the field.
    • The empty space permeability ε = 0
    • The permeability of the relative space ε > 0
  •  Interactions
    • The interactions in the relative space can be divided into:
      • Strong interactions – electromagnetic
      • Weak interactions – gravitational
    • Electromagnetic and gravitational interactions are transferred in the form of waves and fields with the speed C.
  • Quantum’s entanglements

    • The state is entanglementid if it is non-separable.
    • Quantum entanglement is initiated joins quantum atomic matter, with the help of matter ether.
    • Quantum entanglement can be both electromagnetic and gravitational.
    • In the case of entanglements at which there are no transverse electromagnetic and gravitational waves, there is no limitation of speed C.
    • Quantum entanglement can move at speeds many times higher than C.
  • Vacuum
    The vacuum is an ether space that does not have atomic matter.
  • Time
    Time is a positive scalar, laid down in to a chronological ordering of events in the space of the Universe.

    • Time is an objective, if is measured by the universal time chronometer, – independent of his position and speed in the Universe space.
    • Time is subjective, if is measured by the chronometer dependent of the movement and position in the space.
  • Electromagnetic Wave
    The electromagnetic wave is a transverse wave of the electromagnetic carrier of ether, as a result of the modulation of the carrier.
    Electromagnetic wave may occur as: continuous, impulse or quantum and flow in a vacuum at the speed of C, as specified by the electromagnetic carrier of ether.
  • Light
    Light is the visual effect of direct interaction of electromagnetic wave of length (λ) = (8 · 10-7÷ 4 · 10-7m), on receptors eye.
  • Light waves
    Light waves, like other electromagnetic waves, due to the transparency of the carrier, are not visible to the eye, with the exception of acting directly on the retina eye.
  • Gravitation
    Gravitation is the result of interference gravitational fields, created by the mass of gravitational objects in the gravitational space of ether.The interaction of gravity, exists only in the gravity space.Gravity is a weak interaction, which reveals only in small areas, at the level of the nucleus.
  • The mass
    Resting the mass of atomic matter is a “load” of gravity in the gravitational space of ether, as electric load in the electromagnetic space.

    • Mass creates a strong gravitational pull tangles at the level of the nucleus.
  • The Higgs’s Particle
    Higgs’a particle being a part of the nucleus of the dominant mass of the atomic nucleus, creating a gravitational quantum entanglement, similar to electromagnetic entanglement of the electric loads in the electrical capacitors.
  • Deons and Duons
    The deons and the duons that matter particle sizes at the Planck level, invented and described by a Pole Marek Matejeski, which is the most real concept of the structure of matter, consistent with my independent thoughts, regarding the matter structure of ether.

Universal Time

This conceptual time made Isaac Newton and described him as a universal and overarching narrative time, streaming in monotonous pace, which is an absolute and objectively the same throughout the universe.

Universal time in the Universe, define two physical constants – the length of the physical pattern (L) and the speed of light in a vacuum (C).

1 meter – the basic unit of length in the Europe agreements: SI, MKS, MKSA, MTS, mark m. The meter was defined on 26 March 1791, in France, in order to standardise the distance units. (1960 – 1983) was the ELEVENTH General Conference of weights (1960) defined.

1 meter – as the length equal to 1 650 763.73 wavelength in vacuum, corresponding to the transition between the levels 2 p10 and 5 d5 of the atom 86 Kr (the krypton 86)
In accordance with the approved definition by The 17TH General Conference on Weights in 1983

1 meter is the distance, which overcomes the light in vacuum in time 1/299 792 458 s .

From the above definition follows:

The definition of universal time tc:

Universal time is the time in which the speed of light (C), overcomes distance equal to the length of the physical pattern L.

tc =L/C

Accepting the length of pattern L = 1 m
and the speed of light C = 299 792 458 m/s
we get tc = 1/299,792,458 s = 3.335640952 ns.
By adopting 3, 335640952ns = 1nsc
we get unit one second cosmic 1sc
1sc 3.335640952 = s

The adoption of the 1sc for the basic unit and the representation of time in the decimal system, allows to correlate this time with metric system.

The measurement method universal time

In order to measure the universal time, you must first determine the plane on which the time is present. Then make the time measurement, with method, which the result is not dependent of the place, nor of the measurements system speed in the universe space.

The condition of obtaining the correct result of the time is: at the used measurement system, together with a physical pattern’s length and source of selective light wave, forming together an inertial system, but not form an inertial system with ether. The speed of measurement system on the plane (x; y) should be zero.

Vxy = 0

This condition satisfies the optical method to measure the wavelength of light, using Doppler vice versa, i.e. variation in the wavelength depending on the speed of the wave source at constant frequency source.

Measurement of time

Time measurement is performed by comparison, the actual wavelength of the light, with the physical pattern length.

The universal time tc will be read optically, in any direction in a plane perpendicular to the absolute velocity vector of measuring system, expressing the physical pattern length, in quantities of wave periods applied light source.

Quantity of the period’s wave on the physical pattern length, on a plane perpendicular to the absolute velocity vector of the measuring system, is the same in all directions.

The absolute velocity in ether

The size of the absolute velocity vector, of measurement system, defines the difference between the quantities of period’s wave, on the measuring system plan and quantities on the pattern length, along the velocity vector.

The existence of ether

The appointment of universal time and vector of absolute velocity of the    measuring system, by the above method, is also evidence of the existence of electromagnetic wave’s carrier – ether.

Krypton 86
In case of application of the krypton 86, as the source of the light wave, receives the results according to the table below.




Picture 1:
V – The speed of the object relative to the ether.


Dl – The distance travelled by the object while the light travels a distance L
C – The speed of light in vacuum.

F1, F2 – The selective light sources with a similar wave frequency.

k1The number of the wavelength source F1 on the length L.
k1 = L/λ1
k2The number of the wavelength source F2 on the length L
k2 = L/λ2 

k = k1+ k2 = constant

k – Constants for the construction of the measuring system. The sum of the period’s wave sources F1 and F2 on the measurement plane Universal Time.
k – Is independent of the measurement system speed and position in ether.

The construction includes light sources F1 and F2, which are subject to the theory of relativity and may need the mathematical or the physical correction.


D – Detector
F – The light source
L – measuring length (11m)
M – mirror
V – the speed in the ether
Δl1  – distance travelled by the system in the ether, while the light overcomes the way L
Δl2 – distance travelled by the system in the ether, while the light overcomes the way L2
δ – Velocity resolution in ether.

L1 = L + Δl1

L2 = L – Δl2

Δl1 = v * t

Δl2 = v * t2

t2 =  L / (v+C)

L= t * c

Δl/ Δl2  = v * t / (v * t2)=1 + v/C

Δ = Δl1 – Δl= v/C

Δ = v / c

With respect to L:

δ = Δ * v/c

δ = v2 / c2

Assuming linear velocity of the Earth at the equator v = 463 m / s, we get:

δ = 2,385E-12 * 11m = 2,623E-11m

This resolution would have the Michelson-Morley device to observe the Earth’s rotation, which was not possible.

table2Columns of table 2:
v   – The speed of the object.
t   – The time it takes to go the way L = 1 m
l    – Distance travelled within 1nsc
1320 nm – The size of the pixel in the camera chips.
nsc – The cosmic nanosecond.