Written by: *Zygmunt Dzięgielewski*

*If in any space there is any measurable physical quantity, then this space is a material space.*

**The UNIVERSE **

**Measurement of velocity and gravity**

ZD interferometer

**T****he clock of the objective time**

ZD interferometer

**Motto – Mathematics is an art, physics engineering.**

**Introduction**

My reasoning concerning matter, space and time, is based *on:*

- The materiality of space

If in any space there is any measurable physical quantity, then this space is a material space.

- The velocity of the spread of the wave

*The wave’s carrier determines the velocity of the wave propagation.*

In the above-mentioned demands is apparent that:

*Ether exists and creates a real material space – physical quantities are measurable.*

*
*Albert Einstein based their reasoning on two postulates:

*The principle of relativity*

*The principle of proclaiming that the laws of physics are the same in all**inertial systems**-must apply to all the rights of both mechanics and electrodynamics.**Constancy of the speed of light*

The speed of light in vacuum is the same for all observers, the same in all directions and does not depend on the speed of the light source.

On the basis of these postulates, the conclusion is that light does not need any medium to spread and is considered to be a certainty. Ether has ceased to exist – despite the obvious contradiction to the notion of wave existence.

*There is no concept of the wave without the carrier**.**There is no wave of something that does not exist.*

Postulate, *Constancy of the speed of light**, *based on the experience of the Michelson-Morley, which was a confirmation of this postulate. The same experience, for the reasons of construction and operation of the measuring system, could only confirm this. About moving of measuring system relativ to the ether was worthless.

All components of the measuring system used in the experiment Michelson-Morley, belonged to the same inertial system and there were no possibilities to detect any motion of measurement system relative to the ether!

*2’. The speed of propagation of the wave determines the carrier. The speed of the wave, in the homogeneous carrier, is the same for all observers, the same in all directions and does not depend on the speed of the wave’s source.*

The elimination of Huygens’s ether from the Universe space, on the one side, resulted in negative consequences for the understanding of the structure of matter and physical phenomena occurring in the Universe, but on the other side, to change the mentality of the physicists and perhaps contributed to the generation of Theory of Relativity.

After 100 years of the Theory of Relativity and the development of technology, it’s time to restore the ether nature. Ether is the material carrier of electromagnetic and gravity waves and is also as the environment of quantum’s entanglement and quantum mechanics. The lack of this environment could cause Einstein’s resistance to accept the quantum mechanics.

The existence of ether, among others, is an important factor which creates the possibility of measuring the “objective universal time”, in according to the definition of Isaac Newton’s universal time.

**The discovery of an objective universal time**, *is a breakthrough and fundamental discovery, as well as creating conditions for the extension of the limits of classical physics areas hitherto reserved for the theory of relativity. Allows for a better understanding of the mechanisms of the Universe and its matter, contributing to the development of science and technology.*

**The applied method of measuring an objective universal time**, *is a confirmation of the existence of the electromagnetic waves carrier, which means that ether exists.*

**The materiel ether** *is a carrier of interactions in the space of the Universe, without which the existence is no possible explanation of many physical phenomena, such as the formation of waves and electromagnetic fields, the formation of waves and gravitational fields, how it works capacitor, a Higgs’s particles and the phenomena of quantum entanglement.*

*In the practical application of the method for designating universal time, allows you to specify the velocity vector and the vector of gravity facility in space and lead, with his deck, an independent navigation in universal time.*

### Axioms

*The length of the physical length of the pattern, is the size of the constant and independent of speed the pattern in the ether.**Ether is a materiel carrier of interactions in the universe**Atomic matter particle is not a wave.**The speed of the matter particles, may take any value.**The speed of the wave, specifies the carrier wave.**Wave is an energy of carrier.**Photon is a quantum of electromagnetic wave.**Electromagnetic wave is an electromagnetic wave of the ether.**Photon does not belong to the atomic matter and is not hers base particle.**Photon belongs to the ether’s matter.*

### Definitions

**Space**

*By space it is understood three dimensional Euclidean space, with the fourth dimension (4D ).**Empty space*

*A space in which there are no material objects.*

*Do not exist in her concepts: time, order, fields, gravitation, quantum entanglement etc.*

*The permeability of the empty space is*:**ε = 0**- No relative space

A space where located there objects do not have any interactions.

The space between the objects is empty, do not exist in her concepts: time, order, fields, gravitation, quantum entanglement etc.

In the no relativt space, each object is its own space. - Relative space
The space in which there are objects have interactions.

This space is filled with at least one material carrier of interaction.

In the relativt space are relative concepts: order, fields, speed, time, gravitation, quantum entanglement etc. - The permeability of the relative space is:
**ε > 0** - Real space
*Is that a relative space with the fourth dimensions of universal time (***4Dr**).

**Interactions***The interactions in the relative space can be divided into:**Strong interactions – electromagnetic and**Weak interactions – gravitational*

**The electromagnetic interactions end the gravitational**,*transferred in the form of waves and fields, with speed***C**.**Quantum’s entanglements**

- Quantum entanglement is initiated joins quantum atomic matter, with the help of matter ether.
- Quantum entanglement can be both electromagnetic and gravitational.
- In the case of entanglements at which there are no transverse electromagnetic and gravitational waves, there is no limitation of speed
**C**. - Quantum entanglement can move at speeds many times higher than
**C**.

**Field***Field is a local order in relative space.**Field is the wave of frequency***f = 0**.

**Field permeability***Field permeability is the ability to spread of the field.**The empty space permeability***ε = 0***The permeability of the relative space***ε > 0**

**The Universe**

*The Universe is a relative space, in which the matter carrier of interactions is the ether.***The matter of the Universe**

*There are two types of matter, that fill the space of the universe:**hard matter – atomic**soft matter – ether*

**Ether**

*Ether is a transparent and cold matter, filling the entire space of the Universe, including his matter and is the carrier of all interactions.**Ether sets the boundaries of the Universe.**Ether is the “atmosphere” of the Universe.**Ether permeates the atomic matter and atomic matter permeates the ether.**Ether is the coupling of quantum entanglements.**Ether is the carrier fields and electromagnetic waves.**Ether is the carrier fields and gravity waves.**Ether is the carrier of electromagnetic background (2.725 °K).**Ether does not have its own temperature.**Ether is an environment of quantum mechanics*

*The ether space*

*The ether space represent at least two overlapping spaces: the electromagnetic space and gravitational space.***Vacuum**

*The vacuum is an ether space that does not have atomic matter.***Time**Time is a positive scalar, laid down in to a chronological ordering of events in the space of the Universe.

*Time is an objective*, if is measured by the universal time chronometer, – independent of his position and speed in the Universe space.*Time is subjective,*if is measured by the chronometer dependent of the movement and position in the space.

**Electromagnetic Wave**The electromagnetic wave is a transverse wave of the electromagnetic carrier of ether, as a result of the modulation of the carrier.

Electromagnetic wave may occur as: continuous, impulse or quantum and flow in a vacuum at the speed of**C**, as specified by the electromagnetic carrier of ether.**Light**Light is the visual effect of direct interaction of electromagnetic wave of length (λ) = (8 · 10-7÷ 4 · 10-7m), on receptors eye.

**Light waves**Light waves, like other electromagnetic waves, due to the transparency of the carrier, are not visible to the eye, with the exception of acting directly on the retina eye.

**Gravitation**Gravitation is the result of interference gravitational fields, created by the mass of gravitational objects in the gravitational space of ether.

**The interaction of gravity, exists only in the gravity space.**Gravity is a weak interaction, which reveals only in small areas, at the level of the nucleus.**The mass**Resting the mass of atomic matter is a “load” of gravity in the gravitational space of ether, as electric load in the electromagnetic space.

- Mass creates a strong gravitational pull tangles at the level of the nucleus.

**The Higgs’s Particle**Higgs’a particle being a part of the nucleus of the dominant mass of the atomic nucleus, creating a gravitational quantum entanglement, similar to electromagnetic entanglement of the electric loads in the electrical capacitors.

**Deons and Duons**

The deons and the duons that matter particle sizes at the Planck level, invented and described by a Pole Marek Matejeski, which is the most real concept of the structure of matter, consistent with my independent thoughts, regarding the matter structure of ether.

## Universal Time

*This conceptual time made Isaac Newton and described him as a universal and overarching narrative time, streaming in monotonous pace, which is an absolute and objectively the same throughout the universe.*

**Universal time in the Universe, define two physical constants – the length of the physical pattern (L) and the speed of light in a vacuum (C).**

1 meter – the basic unit of length in the Europe agreements: SI, MKS, MKSA, MTS, mark m. The meter was defined on 26 March 1791, in France, in order to standardise the distance units. (1960 – 1983) was the ELEVENTH General Conference of weights (1960) defined.

1 meter – as the length equal to 1 650 763.73 wavelength in vacuum, corresponding to the transition between the levels 2 p^{10} and 5 d^{5} of the atom ** ^{86 }Kr ** (the krypton 86)

In accordance with the approved definition by The 17TH General Conference on Weights in 1983

1 meter is the distance, which overcomes the light in vacuum in time 1/299 792 458 s .

From the above definition follows:

**The definition of universal time t _{c}:**

**Universal time is the time in which the speed of light (C), overcomes distance equal to the length of the physical pattern L.**

**t**_{c} =L/C

_{c}=L/C

Accepting the length of pattern **L = 1 m
**and the speed of light

**C = 299 792 458 m/s**

we get

**t**

By adopting

_{c}= 1/299,792,458 s = 3.335640952 ns.**3, 335640952ns = 1nsc**

we get unit one second cosmic

**1sc**

**1sc 3.335640952 = s**

The adoption of the **1sc** for the basic unit and the representation of time in the decimal system, allows to correlate this time with metric system.

### The measurement method universal time

In order to measure the universal time, you must first determine the plane on which the time is present. Then make the time measurement, with method, which the result is not dependent of the place, nor of the measurements system speed in the universe space.

The condition of obtaining the correct result of the time is: at the used measurement system, together with a physical pattern’s length and source of selective light wave, forming together an inertial system, but not form an inertial system with ether. The speed of measurement system on the plane (x; y) should be zero.

**V _{xy} = 0**

This condition satisfies the optical method to measure the wavelength of light, using Doppler vice versa, i.e. variation in the wavelength depending on the speed of the wave source at constant frequency source.

### Measurement of time

Time measurement is performed by comparison, the actual wavelength of the light, with the physical pattern length.

**The universal time t _{c}** will be read optically, in any direction in a plane perpendicular to the absolute velocity vector of measuring system, expressing the physical pattern length, in quantities of wave periods applied light source.

Quantity of the period’s wave on the physical pattern length, on a plane perpendicular to the absolute velocity vector of the measuring system, is the same in all directions.

### The absolute velocity in ether

The size of the absolute velocity vector, of measurement system, defines the difference between the quantities of period’s wave, on the measuring system plan and quantities on the pattern length, along the velocity vector.

### The existence of ether

The appointment of universal time and vector of absolute velocity of the measuring system, by the above method, is also evidence of the existence of electromagnetic wave’s carrier – ether.

**Krypton 86
**In case of application of the krypton 86, as the source of the light wave, receives the results according to the table below.

Picture 1:

**V** – The speed of the object relative to the ether.

**D****l **– The distance travelled by the object while the light travels a distance L

**C** – The speed of light in vacuum.

**F1, F2** – The selective light sources with a similar wave frequency.

k_{1 – }The number of the wavelength source F_{1} on the length L.

k_{1} = L/λ_{1}_{
}k_{2 – }The number of the wavelength source F_{2} on the length L

k_{2} = L/λ_{2}_{ }

**k = k _{1}+ k_{2 }= constant**

k – Constants for the construction of the measuring system. The sum of the period’s wave sources F1 and F2 on the measurement plane Universal Time.

k – Is independent of the measurement system speed and position in ether.

The construction includes light sources F_{1} and F_{2}, which are subject to the theory of relativity and may need the mathematical or the physical correction.

D – Detector

F – The light source

L – measuring length (11m)

M – mirror

V – the speed in the ether

**Δl _{1}** – distance travelled by the system in the ether, while the light overcomes the way L

**Δl**– distance travelled by the system in the ether, while the light overcomes the way L2

_{2}**δ**– Velocity resolution in ether.

L_{1} = L + Δl_{1}

L_{2} = L – Δl_{2}

Δl_{1} = v * t

Δl_{2 }= v * t_{2}

t_{2 }= L / (v+C)

L= t * c

Δl_{1 }**/** Δl_{2} = v * t **/** (v * t_{2})=1 + v/C

Δ = Δl_{1} – Δl_{2 }= v/C

**Δ = v / c**

With respect to L:

δ = Δ * v/c

**δ = v ^{2} / c^{2}**

Assuming linear velocity of the Earth at the equator v = 463 m / s, we get:

_{δ }= 2,385E-12 * 11m = **2,623****E****-11**m

This resolution would have the Michelson-Morley device to observe the Earth’s rotation, which was not possible.

**Columns of table 2:**

**v **– The speed of the object.

**t** – The time it takes to go the way L = 1 m

**l **– Distance travelled within **1**nsc

**1320 **nm – The size of the pixel in the camera chips.

**nsc **– The cosmic nanosecond.